Nepal Center for Contemporary Research
Our Research Projects

CCR has been involved in many successful research projects since its initial phase. It has excelled through research in conflict and peace, migration and livelihoods and various other disciplines. With this, it has successfully created conflict expertise in various research interests. The following includes the Research Projects carried out and being carried out by this Centre:

1. Research Project: Private Sector in Peace Promotion (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, Dr Andrea Iff (swisspeace)
Involved Researcher(s): Safal Ghimire, Rina Alluri and Rajya Laxmi Gurung
Brief Description: Through comparison of case studies in South Asia, Central America and the Horn of Africa, this research project seeks to improve our understanding of the advantages, disadvantages and determinants of corporate engagement in peace promotion, and to generate evidence-based recommendations for peace practitioners considering partnerships with the private sector. This research is being conducted jointly by swisspeace/University of Basel and South Asia Office of the NCCR North-South (hosted by NCCR) with the funding obtained from Swiss National Science Foundation and Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation.

 

2. Research Project: Role of Youths in Livelihood Security and Peace in South Asia (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Dr. Bishnu Raj Upreti 
Involved Researcher(s): Suman Babu Paudel, Gopikesh Acharya
Brief Description: Livelihood is an overarching theme of NCCR research in South Asia. The role of urban youth is becoming instrumental in any social, political, economic and environmental affairs. Therefore, combining these three dimensions, peace, livelihood security and urban youth provide fundamentally important opportunities for NCCR to enhance visibility, expand partnership and engage in new areas of research. The following sites are selected by considering the representation, interests of the local collaborators for assistance: Kathmandu/Nepal (Youth and Peace), Male/the Maldives (Youths' Role in Climate Change Mitigation), Mumbai-India (Youths and Alternative Livelihoods Generation), Colombo/Sri Lanka (Youth and Peace), Thimpu-Bhutan (Youth and Resource-based Social Disputes). This research is internally financed from the core budget of South Asia Regional Coordination Office of NCCR North-South.

 

3. Research Project: Livelihoods, Basic Services and Social Protection in Post-conflict Nepal (Ongoing)

Lead Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti
Involved Researcher(s): Dr Purna Bahadur Nepali, Dr Anita Ghimire, Sony KC, Suman Babu Paudel and Gopikesh Acharya, Gitta Shrestha
Brief Description: This research is being conducted under the joint venture with Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) of Overseas Development Institute (ODI) London. SLRC is focused on generating high quality research on services, livelihoods and social protection in conflict affected situations. The evidences on livelihoods, basic services and social protection in the conflict affected areas remains patchy in Nepal. NCCR’s research focus is to explore on people’s experience, perceptions and expectations in regards to the state’s service delivery mechanism. NCCR will look into the areas of social protection (old age allowance) and education (primary education). The research sites are Rolpa and Bardiya districts for household longitudinal survey and overall country will be studied on basic service and social protection, international actors and their contribution through aids in local level governance. To know more about SLRC, its partners and research mechanism, click here.

 

4. Research Project: Making Women Count for Peace: Gender, Empowerment and Conflict in South Asia (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti
Involved Researcher(s): Ms Gitta Shrestha
Brief Description: This research, being jointly conducted with Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), intends to address the role of women in local governance and politics, particularly within the context of peace and security processes. The goal is to investigate what women’s empowerment might mean in a post-conflict setting with heavy multilateral and international involvement in Nepal. The proposed research plans to approach this question by studying- how gendered political power is transformed in conflict, assuming that differences in the forms and expressions of gendered power relations during and after conflict, impact on how ‘empowerment’ might be achieved. By contextualizing and tracing manifestations of gendered political power in conflict as well as post-conflict settings, the proposed research is an effort to contribute new knowledge on processes of ‘disempowerment’ and ‘empowerment’ in conflict and peace building.

 

5. Research Project: Contested Rural Development

Lead Researcher(s): Prof Dr Ulrike Müller-Böker, Prof Dr Urs Geiser, Dr Prabin Manandhar, Dr R Ramakumar
Involved Researcher(s): Mahendra Sapkota
Brief Description: Despite concerted efforts towards development by state agencies, donors, NGOs, and the private sector, the rural poor in many developing countries continue to have difficulty gaining access to crucial livelihood means like natural resources, markets, and employment. Indeed, the recent emergence of various people’s movements that challenge states’ legitimacy may hint at popular dissatisfaction with mainstream development models and with the institutions charged with implementing them. This research project examines alternative visions of development as suggested by various grassroots movements that critique state-sanctioned development models and claim to offer solutions for improving rural people’s access to livelihood means. Case studies in India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka focus on such protest movements, while case studies in Nepal and Bolivia address groups that have already gained considerable policy influence. This research is being conducted in coordination of South Asia Office of the NCCR North-South (hosted by NCCR) with the funding obtained from Swiss National Science Foundation and Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation, and is managed by Development Study Group, Department of Geography, University of Zurich.

 

6. Research Project: Livelihood Futures (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Prof Dr Ulrike Müller-Böker, Dr Babar Shahbaz, Dr Sagar Raj Sharma
Involved Researcher(s): Nirmal Kumar BK
Brief Description: Studying resource-scarce areas in South Asia and East Africa, this research project seeks to identify new livelihood strategies for groups vulnerable to exclusion, particularly strategies that diminish reliance on natural resources. Special attention is given to the governing institutional context in order to reveal ways of supporting equity-effective institutions. This research is being conducted in coordination of South Asia Office of the NCCR North-South (hosted by NCCR) with the funding obtained from Swiss National Science Foundation and Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation, and is managed by Development Study Group, Department of Geography, University of Zurich.

 

7. Research Project: Migration, Knowledge, and Development (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Prof Dr Ulrike Müller-Böker, Dr Susan Thieme, Dr Anita Ghimire
Involved Researcher(s): Drawing on various case studies that reflect the heterogeneity of migration – in South Asia, Central Asia and Switzerland – this research project aims to achieve a more differentiated understanding of the relationship between migration and development, particularly regarding circulation of knowledge and skills, as well as to generate evidence-based recommendations for supporting migrants’ ability to effect positive change. This research is being conducted in coordination of South Asia Office of the NCCR North-South (hosted by NCCR) with the funding obtained from Swiss National Science Foundation and Swiss Agency for Development Co-operation,  and is managed by Development Study Group, Department of Geography, University of Zurich.

 

8. Research Project: Climate Security and Conflict in South Asia (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti
Involved Researcher(s): Kiran Maharjan
Brief Description: This research looks at the impact of climate change in selected South Asian countries with special focus on unconventional security and consequent conflicts in South Asia. This research is internally financed from the core budget of South Asia Regional Coordination Office of NCCR North-South.

 

9. Research Project: The Landscape of Democracy and Local Governance (Completed)

Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, Mr Tulasi Sharan Sigdel
Brief Description: This research is focused on the practice of local governance in remote Nepali villages and measurement of such practices under the principles of democracy. This research is internally financed from the core budget of South Asia Regional Coordination Office of NCCR North-South.

 

10. Research Project: Small Arms and Post-conflict Security (Completed)

Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, Safal Ghimire
Brief Description: Under this research, the issues of small arms proliferations, reasons behind it, its impact in local and national peace in the aftermath of civil-war in Nepal are being explored. This research is internally financed from the core budget of South Asia Regional Coordination Office of NCCR North-South.

 

11. Research Project: Peace Process and Conflict in Nepal (Completed)

Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, Safal Ghimire
Brief Description: It looks at the dimensions of peace process, experiences and lessons learnt in context of Nepal after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement-2006. This research is internally financed from the core budget of South Asia Regional Coordination Office of NCCR North-South.

 

12. Research Project: Post-conflict Statebuilding in Nepal (Completed)

Researcher(s): Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, Safal Ghimire
Brief Description: It explores the possibilities and challenges to Nepal as a post-conflict country to remain politically stable, economically prosperous and social peaceful. Several other renowned researchers are also involved in different topics under this project. This research is internally financed from the core budget of South Asia Regional Coordination Office of NCCR North-South.

 

13. Research Project: Transforming the Lives of Girls and Young Women (Completed)

Lead Researcher(s): Dr Anita Ghimire
Involved Researcher(s): Rewati Gurung and Prajesh Dhungana
Brief Description: This project aims to uncover the pivotal role played by discriminatory social institutions in depriving adolescent girls and young women of the opportunity to achieve their full potential. The project looks at how selected capabilities of these adolescent girls are affected by formal and informal institutions. The goal is to help in improving development outcomes for adolescent girls and young women (with a focus on the poorest and hardest to reach from a policy perspective), breaking inter-generational poverty, and providing a catalyst for change, the returns of which are expected to ripple through wider society. This research is undertaken by Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and funded by DFID. NCCR is a country partner for Nepal for this research.

 

 

14. Research Project : Feminization, Agricultural transition and Rural Employment : Social and political conditions of asset building in Nepal (Ongoing)

Team Leader : Dr. Bishnu Raj Upreti

PhD Student : Ms. Sony KC

Research Team members : Mr. Basu Subedi; Ms. Sharmila Shiwakoti, Ms Apsara KC

Masters Students : Ms Pragya Pokharel; Ms Supriya Gurung; Ms Richa Bhusal

Brief Description : The “Feminisation, agricultural transition and rural employment: Social and political conditions of asset building in the context of export-led agriculture (FATE) is a 6 Years (2014 to 2020) Research programme funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) within the funding scheme ‘Research for Development (R4D)’. It is led by the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) and the Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies (IZfG) of the University of Bern, Switzerland. The FATE Project is implemented in Bolivia, Laos, Nepal and Rwanda from July 2014 and will complete in June 2020. The international project team consist of : Dr. Eliud Abucheli Birachi, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Kigali, Rwanda; Professor Dr Elizabeth Jimenez Zamora, Universidad Mayor de San Andrés–Postgrado en Ciencias del Desarrollo (CIDES–UMSA), La Paz, Bolivia; Dr Saithong Phommavong, National University of Laos (NUOL), Faculty of Social Sciences, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti, PhD; Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR-Nepal), Kathmandu, Nepal; Prof. Dr Heinzpeter Znoj and Dr Sabin Bieri, University of Bern, Switzerland, Dr Sarah Cook, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva, Switzerland. The Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR) is the formal Nepal partner of the FATE.

 Website link: http://www.fate.unibe.ch/

 

15. Research Project: Women's Peace: Gender Equality, Peace and Security in Nepal and Myanmar (Ongoing)

Team Leader : Dr. Bishnu Raj Upreti

PhD Student : Mr. Devendra Adhikari

Research Team Members : Dr. Deepak Bhatta ; Ms Sharmila Shiwakoti ; Ms Apsara KC

Brief Description: WOMENsPEACE is a 3 Years project (February 2016-January 2019) focuses on the gender dimension of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) processes in Nepal and Myanmar, and the post-conflict political participation of female and male ex-combatants. In short, this project investigates the consequences of DDR processes for post-conflict gender equality, women and men's social inclusion and women's rights. It is funded by the Research Council of Norway's NORGLOBAL program and managed by Peace research Institute Oslo. The institutional partners are Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR) in Nepal and AR YONE OO-Social Development Association in Myanmar. The core research team composed of Dr Wenche Iren Hauge (Senior Researcher) and Dr Ashild Kolas (Research Professor) from PRIO; Dr Bishnu Raj Upreti (senior Researcher) from  NCCR and Mr. Cin Khan Lian (Senior Researcher) from AR YONE OO-Social Development Association, Myanmar.  In Nepal NCCR is collaborating with School of Education of Kathmandu University (KUSoED) to implement the PhD research. Mr Devendra Adhikari is PhD student at (KUSoED), who will work specifically on the reintegration of female ex-combatants in Nepal